Single-Component Phase Equilibrium: Example Problems
Try to solve these problems before watching the solutions in the screencasts.
Example Problem 1
Solid iodine is added to a glass tube, which is evacuated to remove all other components, sealed and heated to 50°C. There are a few solid crystals in the bottom of the tube and a visible colored vapor filling the remainder of the tube. A second tube is prepared identically, but twice the amount of iodine is added. The second tube is evacuated of all other components, sealed and heated to 50°C. How are the two tubes different? Explain.
Example Problem 2
If a fixed-volume tank contains liquid water and water vapor (and no other species) is heated does the liquid evaporate or the vapor condense?